Overprinted Transjordan E E F Stamps History
I tried to explain in this article the History of the Overprinted Transjordan E E F Stamps between 1920 & 1926. In order to understand these stamps, we need to take a closer look at the political history in the area.
The Arab revolt & the British occupation of the region of Palestine in 1917
In the year 1917, the British occupied the region of Palestine, during the Arab revolt and the collapse of Ottoman Empire during world war one. In 1918 Both the Indian and Egyptian Expeditionary Forces had given civilians basic postal services free of charge.
Fifteen stamps inscribed E.E.F. were issued between February and December of 1918. These E.E.F. stamps baring Arabic inscriptions besides English were valid in Palestine, Cilicia, Syria, Lebanon, and Transjordan.
As Palestine came under the civil administration of the British Mandate of Palestine, conforming with League of Nations rules, The High Commissioner authorized that Palestinian E.E.F. stamps and coins bear the three official languages of the British Mandate for Palestine: Arabic, English and Hebrew, with both sides (Palestinians and Jews) protesting the overprint.
Stamps of the British Egyptian Expeditionary Force (E.E.F.) were available in Syria between 23 September 1918 and 23 February 1922. E E F stamps were also available in Lebanon between 21 October 1918 and September 1920.
First Overprinted Transjordan E E F Stamps Issues
In 1920, Transjordan was separated. The British carved out a separate administration east of the Jordan River and had the House of Hashemite, Emir Abdullah, the eldest son of British ally Al Hussein Bin Ali, Sharif of Mecca and the Kingdom of Hejaz, became the titular head. Abdullah’s government was established in April 1921.
Distinctive overprints for the two territories Palestine and East of Jordan came into use. And actually, the first (overprinted) stamp set for the Transjordan territory was issued in November 1920. The overprinted Transjordan E E F stamps on the Palestinian stamps simply say “East of Jordan”.
The establishment of Emirate of Eastern Jordan
On March 2, 1921, Prince Abdullah bin Al Hussein arrived in Amman to start the establishment of the Jordanian state under the name of the Emirate of Eastern Jordan. The founding prince was keen to name the government (the Arab Government of the East) as the embodiment of the Arabism and unity that prevailed over the people of Eastern Jordan, and the documents of the Emirate bear the name (the Arab Government of the East).
On nov. 1922 the E.E.F. stamps of 1920 overprinted with “East of Jordan” were surcharged again with Arabic letters “tenth of a piastre” and “the piastre”. these surcharges were applied to translate the Egyptian face value into Arabic but the actual face value remained unchanged. Because the stamps were hand-stamped the surcharge may be found either on the top or bottom of the stamp.
Jordan Stamps – The Arab Government of the East
At this stage, an additional surcharge was added to the stamps of the Egyptian Expeditionary force available previously, in the words ‘The Arab Government of the East, April 1921’ (the stamps hold 2 surcharges), it is worth mentioning that the phrase “Arab government” in the new surcharge is an indication of the continuation of the goal of independence and the unification of the Arab lands, while the phrase “of the east” indicate the east of the Jordan River and the year 1921 to reflect the history of the establishment of the emirate and the central government in the east of Jordan. This issue of stamps was in January 1922, they were hand-stamped in red-purple, violet or black.
A second stamp was issued with the same phrase but with a different line of words and with typographed overprints in March 1923. Transjordan was recognized as an autonomous (self-ruling) state on 26 May 1923. this issue had typographed overprints applied by the government printing press in Amman, some of the overprints were created by sparkling gold dust over wet black ink.
More surcharges between April and October 1923
The preceding stamps overwent another surcharge by hand between April and October 1923, so some of the issues now hold 3 surcharges. Four different surcharges were applied on the stamps to change the values. The surcharges in Arabic letters were “The value and five-tenths of piastre”, “The value and piastre”, “half of a piastre” and “piastre”.
Commemoration of independence Overprinted Transjordan E E F Stamps
On 25 may 1923, the original E E F stamps (without any overprints) underwent a new overprint stating “The Arab Government of the East, Commemoration of independence, 25 May 1923”. The overprint on this set was printed by the government printing press in Amman in two directions reading upwards or downwards, these overprints were in black or gold.
Overprinted Transjordan E E F Stamps of 1925 & 1926
Another overprint on Palestine EEF stamps (perforation 14) with the phrase “East of the Jordan” or in Arabic “Sharq Al-Urdon” which is linguistically different than “Sharqi Al-Urdon” surcharged on the previous issues but has the same meaning. This issue of stamps was in November 1925, while a few EEF stamps (perforation 15×14) were overprinted in 1926.
Also in November 1925, another Overprint on Palestine EEF stamps (perforation 14) with the phrase “Due, East of the Jordan” in Arabic “Mustahaqu, Sharq Al-Urdon”.
The Issue of Feb. – Nov. 1926 was the last issue of EEF stamps used in Jordan. The overprints on this issue were “Due” besides 6 different values of 1, 2,4,8 and 13 Mil, and one stamp overprinted with the value 5 Piastre.
The Hashemite Kingdom of The Jordan
On 20 February 1928, Transjordan was accorded a degree of independence.
And on 24 May 1946, the country moved from the stage of the emirate to the Kingdom and was named the Hashemite Kingdom of The Jordan.
The determiner (The) was later removed from the kingdoms name.